Why Mango Is Royalty Among Fruits In India
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Mango is one of the most popular fruits in India, not just for its delicious taste but also for its cultural significance. It is known as the "king of fruits" in India, and its popularity has only grown over the years. The majestic mango has been an integral part of Indian communities for centuries, and its rich culture and history make it a captivating fruit.  

Let’s explore why the majestic mango is royalty among fruits in India.  

History of the Mango in India  

According to Dr. Indu Mehta, a history professor at the University of Kumaun in Nainital, Uttarakhand state, the fruit has been there for a very long time. According to her research paper, "History of Mangoes - King of Fruits," "scientific fossil evidence indicates that [the] mango made its first appearance 25 to 30 million years ago in the northeast part of India," she writes. "Its botanical name, Mangifera indica [meaning an Indian plant bearing mangoes], indicates that."  

Subsequently, the Portuguese merchants would first introduce mangoes to the rest of the world. Manga, from the Tamil maam-kay and the Malayalam mangga, was the name given to the fruit by the Europeans who arrived in India in the 15th century and were fascinated by it.  

The Portuguese later grafted specimen plants, leading to the development of the renowned Alphonso variety of mango, named after the celebrated Portuguese general Alfonso de Albuquerque (1453–1515).  

Cultural Significance of the Mango Fruit and Tree  

Mango is not just a fruit in India; it’s a cultural phenomenon deeply rooted in Indian culture and a symbol of love, prosperity, and fertility. Mango leaves are used in Hindu ceremonies and are believed to have healing properties. Mangoes are a common gift during the summer months, and in many Indian households, they are served at every meal.  

Mango festivals are celebrated in a multitude of villages and cities throughout India. The famous Mango Mela in Delhi is one of the biggest events celebrating the fruit. The festival features a wide range of mango varieties, including the famous Alphonso and Banganapalli mangoes.  

Varieties of the Indian mango  

India is home to several varieties of mangoes, each with distinct characteristics. Some of the most famous varieties include the Alphonso, the Langda, and the Kesar. The Alphonso mango is considered the king of mangoes, known for its exceptionally sweet taste and smooth texture.  

The Langda mango, also known as Banarasi Langda, is one of the most popular varieties in northern India. It is characterized by its distinct shape and fibrous texture. The Kesar mango, grown in the Gujarat region, is known for its rich flavor and aroma. 

Why mango reigns supreme in India  

Firstly, the mango's taste is unparalleled. With its sweet, juicy flesh and aromatic fragrance, the mango is a flavor explosion that leaves you craving more. Mangoes come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors, from the round Alphonso to the oblong Kesar. Each variety has its own unique taste and texture, making mango season an eagerly anticipated time of year for many Indians. 

Mangoes are also loaded with health benefits and are rich in vitamins A, C, and E, as well as fiber and antioxidants. Eating mangoes can help boost your immune system, improve digestion, and even reduce the risk of certain types of cancer. 

Mangoes also hold a significant place in Indian cuisine. Mango lassi, a milk-based drink, and mango pickle are staples in Indian cuisine. Apart from being delicious, mangoes are also believed to have medicinal properties. The juice of unripe mangoes is said to relieve heatstroke and aid digestion.  

What to Serve with Mangoes  

Mangoes can be served fresh in smoothies and shakes, salads, salsas and chutneys, desserts, and cocktails. They can be eaten as a healthy snack or dessert, added to salads for a sweet and tangy flavor, used to make flavorful dips and chutneys, and incorporated into a variety of desserts, such as ice cream and pudding. Additionally, mangoes make a great base for smoothies and cocktails.

The mango is a cultural icon that’s been elevated to the status of royalty among fruits in India. With its delicious taste, medicinal properties, and variety, it’s no wonder that it’s a favorite among Indians. The majestic mango is a vital part of Indian culture and has brought communities together for centuries. It’s safe to say that the king of fruits will continue to rule in India.  

So, the next time you bite into a juicy mango, remember that you are not just enjoying a delicious fruit; you are experiencing a taste of India's rich history and vibrant culture.