Roasted Brussels Sprout: 7 Health Benefits To Maximise Nutrition

Brussels sprouts, scientifically known as Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera, have a fascinating history dating back to ancient Rome. Originating from the wild cabbage family, they were later cultivated in 13th-century Belgium, hence the name. These small, green cruciferous vegetables resemble miniature cabbages, with a distinct flavour that can be described as nutty, earthy, and slightly bitter. Including cruciferous vegetables like Brussels sprouts in one's diet is crucial due to their rich nutrient content, including vitamins, minerals, fibre, and beneficial phytochemicals, which contribute to overall health and well-being.

Nutritional Profile of Brussels Sprouts

Brussels sprouts boast an impressive nutritional profile, making them a powerhouse of essential nutrients. They are a rich source of vitamins, particularly vitamin C, vitamin K, and vitamin A, which contribute to immune function, bone health, and vision, respectively. These cruciferous vegetables are also packed with minerals such as potassium, manganese, and folate, which are important for maintaining electrolyte balance, supporting bone development, and promoting cell growth. Moreover, Brussels sprouts contain unique phytochemicals like glucosinolates and sulforaphane, which possess potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. These phytochemicals have been linked to potential health benefits, including reduced risk of chronic diseases such as cancer and heart disease. Including Brussels sprouts in the diet provides a natural and delicious way to obtain these vital nutrients and phytochemicals.

7 Health Benefits of Brussels Sprouts

1. Antioxidant Protection: Brussels sprouts are rich in antioxidants that help neutralise harmful free radicals in the body, reducing oxidative stress and lowering the risk of chronic diseases like cancer and heart disease.

2. Anti-Inflammatory Effects: The presence of anti-inflammatory compounds in Brussels sprouts, such as glucosinolates and vitamin K, can help reduce inflammation in the body, potentially benefiting conditions like arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease.

3. Digestive Health: With their high fibre content, Brussels sprouts promote healthy digestion, preventing constipation and supporting gut health by nourishing beneficial gut bacteria.

4. Heart Health: The combination of fibre, antioxidants, and anti-inflammatory compounds in Brussels sprouts can contribute to a healthy cardiovascular system, reducing the risk of heart disease and supporting healthy cholesterol levels.

5. Bone Health: Brussels sprouts contain vitamin K, which plays a crucial role in bone metabolism and calcium absorption, contributing to optimal bone health and reducing the risk of osteoporosis.

6. Weight Management: Being low in calories and high in fibre, Brussels sprouts can aid in weight management by promoting feelings of fullness, reducing calorie intake, and supporting healthy digestion.

7. Cancer Prevention: The unique phytochemicals found in Brussels sprouts, including glucosinolates and sulforaphane, have been associated with a reduced risk of certain types of cancer, including colorectal and breast cancer, due to their potential anti-carcinogenic properties.

Retaining Nutritional Value

Different cooking methods can affect the nutritional content of Brussels sprouts to varying degrees. Roasting, for instance, can lead to some nutrient loss due to exposure to heat and prolonged cooking times. However, it also offers unique benefits. While certain heat-sensitive vitamins like vitamin C may experience a slight reduction, roasting can enhance the availability of other nutrients, such as antioxidants and phytochemicals, making them more bioavailable.

To minimise nutrient loss during roasting, it is recommended to cook Brussels sprouts at a moderate temperature for a shorter duration, as higher temperatures and prolonged cooking times can lead to more nutrient degradation. Additionally, avoiding excessive oil or salt and not overcooking the sprouts can help them retain their nutritional value.

Storage and Freshness

To ensure maximum freshness when selecting Brussels sprouts, choose firm, compact sprouts with bright green leaves. Avoid sprouts with yellow or wilted leaves or signs of mould. Store unwashed Brussels sprouts in a perforated plastic bag in the refrigerator's crisper drawer, which helps maintain humidity while allowing airflow. They can last up to a week under proper storage conditions.

To extend their shelf life, avoid washing Brussels sprouts before storage, as moisture promotes spoilage. If storing for an extended period, blanch and freeze them in airtight containers or freezer bags, where they can stay fresh for up to a year.

Utilise leftover roasted Brussels sprouts by incorporating them into various dishes. They can be added to salads, grain bowls, or omelettes, or used as a pizza topping or stir-fry ingredient. Reheat them briefly in the oven or sauté them lightly to preserve their texture and flavour. Alternatively, blend them into soups or purees for a nutritious twist. The versatility of roasted Brussels sprouts allows for creative and delicious ways to enjoy them even after the initial roasting.

In conclusion, roasted Brussels sprouts offer a range of benefits for overall health and nutrition. They are packed with vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and unique phytochemicals. While cooking methods can impact their nutrient profile, roasting can enhance certain beneficial compounds. Proper storage ensures freshness and extends shelf life. By incorporating roasted Brussels sprouts into a balanced diet, individuals can reap their numerous health advantages. Additionally, their versatility opens the door to exciting culinary possibilities, making it worthwhile to explore and experiment with this cruciferous wonder in the kitchen.

Recipe For Roasted Brussels Sprouts

                                                  Video Credits: Clean And Delicious/YouTube


- 1 pound of Brussels sprouts

- 2 tablespoons of olive oil

- Salt and pepper to taste

- Optional seasonings: garlic powder, paprika, or balsamic vinegar


1. Preheat the oven to 425°F (220°C). Line a baking sheet with parchment paper or lightly grease it.

2. Rinse the Brussels sprouts under cold water and pat them dry with a towel. Trim off the tough stem ends and remove any discoloured or wilted outer leaves.

3. Cut the Brussels sprouts in half lengthwise. For larger sprouts, you can quarter them to ensure even cooking.

4. In a mixing bowl, combine the halved Brussels sprouts, olive oil, salt, pepper, and any desired seasonings. Toss well until the sprouts are evenly coated.

5. Arrange the Brussels sprouts in a single layer on the prepared baking sheet, ensuring they have enough space between them to roast evenly.

6. Place the baking sheet in the preheated oven and roast for 20–25 minutes, or until the sprouts are tender and golden brown. For extra caramelization, you can flip them halfway through the cooking time.

7. Remove the roasted Brussels sprouts from the oven and let them cool for a few minutes. Taste and adjust the seasoning if needed.

8. Serve the roasted Brussels sprouts as a delicious side dish or incorporate them into other recipes as desired.

Optional variations:

- For a garlic-infused flavour, add 2-3 minced garlic cloves to the Brussels sprouts before roasting.

- Sprinkle some grated Parmesan cheese or a squeeze of lemon juice over the roasted sprouts before serving.

- Toss the roasted Brussels sprouts with a drizzle of balsamic vinegar or a sprinkle of paprika for added depth of flavour.

Enjoy the flavorful and nutritious roasted Brussels sprouts!