Sindh Biryani Dates Back To 10th Century, Recipe Inside
Image Credit: Sindhi Biryani is rich in flavours | Shutterstock

Sindhi Biryani, a cherished gem of the Sindhi cuisine, is not just a delicious dish but a living testament to centuries of culinary evolution. This aromatic creation dates back to the 10th century and holds within its fragrant layers a story that intertwines culture, heritage, and taste. In this article, we embark on a journey to uncover the historical roots of Sindhi Biryani and provide you with an authentic recipe that captures the essence of this iconic dish.

Historical Riches of Sindhi Biryani:

The origins of Sindhi Biryani can be traced back to the royal courts of Sindh, a region that witnessed the confluence of cultures and flavors. Influences from Persian, Mughal, and Indian cuisines merged with the local Sindhi traditions, giving rise to this delectable masterpiece. The dish's inception during the 10th century speaks volumes about its enduring popularity and timeless appeal.

The Culinary Tapestry:

Sindhi Biryani is a symphony of flavors that marries meat, aromatic spices, and fragrant rice. Traditionally, the dish includes succulent pieces of mutton, slow-cooked to perfection, and long-grain Basmati rice infused with a medley of spices. The unique combination of ingredients, along with the skillful layering technique, transforms this dish into a harmonious blend of textures and tastes.

Recipe - Cook with Lubna

The Signature Flavors:

What sets Sindhi Biryani apart is its signature blend of spices that elevates it to culinary excellence. The use of aromatic garam masala, fiery red chili, and fragrant saffron is a nod to the rich heritage of the Sindh region. These spices not only enhance the dish's flavors but also reflect the historical influences that shaped Sindhi cuisine over centuries.

Recipe: Authentic Sindhi Biryani


  • 500g mutton or chicken, cut into pieces
  • 2 cups Basmati rice, soaked
  • 2 large onions, thinly sliced
  • 1/2 cup yogurt
  • 2 tomatoes, chopped
  • 2 potatoes, peeled and halved
  • 1/4 cup cooking oil
  • 2 tbsp ginger-garlic paste
  • 1/2 tsp turmeric powder
  • 1/2 tsp red chili powder
  • 1/2 tsp garam masala
  • A pinch of saffron strands soaked in milk
  • Fresh mint and coriander leaves
  • Salt to taste


  • Marinate the meat with yogurt, ginger-garlic paste, turmeric, red chili powder, and salt. Let it sit for an hour.
  • In a heavy-bottomed pan, heat oil and fry the sliced onions until golden brown. Remove half for garnishing.
  • Add ginger-garlic paste and sauté until fragrant. Add chopped tomatoes and cook until soft.
  • Add marinated meat and cook until it's partially done. Set aside.
  • Boil the soaked rice until 70% cooked. Drain and set aside.
  • Layer the partially cooked meat, rice, fried onions, mint, and coriander leaves in a pot.
  • Drizzle saffron-infused milk over the top layer.
  • Add the halved potatoes and garam masala.
  • Cover the pot with a tight-fitting lid or dough to seal.
  • Cook on low heat for about 20-25 minutes.
  • Let the biryani rest for a few minutes before serving.
  • Gently mix the layers before serving.

This aromatic creation reflects the rich cultural tapestry of Sindh and pays homage to the flavors that have withstood the test of time. As you savor each bite of this beloved dish, remember that Sindhi Biryani isn't just a meal – it's an experience that encapsulates centuries of tradition, innovation, and a love for exquisite flavors.