Origins Of Lucknow's Galouti Kebabs And It's Culinary Secret

Lucknow, the city synonymous with Nawabi culture and delectable cuisine, holds a culinary treasure known as the Galouti Kebab. This exquisite dish, originating from the royal kitchens of the Nawabs of Lucknow, has a rich history and a taste that transcends time. In this article, we delve into the captivating story behind the Galouti Kebab, exploring its origins, the intricacies of its preparation, its cultural significance, and its enduring legacy in the realm of Indian cuisine.

Origins of Galouti Kebab: 

The Galouti Kebab has its origins in the kitchens of the Nawabs of Awadh in the late 17th century. Legend has it that the toothless Nawab Asad-ud-Daula, known for his love of meat delicacies, wished for a kebab that would be exceptionally tender and easily digestible. To meet this demand, the Nawab's royal chef, Haji Mohammad Fakr-e-Alam Saheb, embarked on a culinary journey to create the perfect kebab.

 After extensive experimentation, he developed a recipe that involved finely mincing the meat and blending it with a secret combination of aromatic spices and tenderizing agents. Thus, the Galouti Kebab was born, named after the Persian word "galawat" meaning "softened" or "melt-in-the-mouth."

The Art of Preparation:

 The Galouti Kebab owes its legendary texture and flavour to the meticulous preparation process. Traditionally, the kebab is made using tenderized minced meat, primarily lamb or goat, although variations using beef and chicken have also emerged. The meat is painstakingly hand-minced multiple times until it reaches a velvety texture. This intricate process ensures that the kebab achieves its signature melt-in-the-mouth quality.

The kebab's flavour profile is built upon a blend of exotic spices, including cloves, cinnamon, cardamom, nutmeg, and mace. These spices are carefully combined to create a harmonious symphony of aromas and flavours. Additionally, the use of raw papaya paste acts as a natural meat tenderizer, further enhancing the kebab's succulence and softness.

Once the meat is minced and the spices are meticulously measured, they are combined with the raw papaya paste and allowed to marinate for several hours. This process allows the flavours to meld together and the meat to absorb the essence of the spices, resulting in a kebab that is rich in taste and perfectly seasoned.

The Culinary Secret: The Galouti Technique: 

The Galouti Kebab's unique culinary secret lies in the technique used during its preparation. The marinated meat mixture is skillfully shaped into small, flat patties. Traditionally, these patties are cooked on a griddle (tawa) over a low flame, using a liberal amount of clarified butter (ghee). The chef's expertise lies in achieving the delicate balance of cooking time and temperature to ensure that the kebabs are cooked to perfection, retaining their tenderness and juiciness.

Cultural Significance and Legacy: 

The Galouti Kebab holds immense cultural significance in Lucknow's culinary heritage. It is often associated with the lavish Awadhi cuisine, which was patronized by the Nawabs and characterized by its opulence and refinement. The kebab has become an integral part of traditional Awadhi feasts and is served as an appetizer or a main course, accompanied by fragrant biryanis, aromatic curries, and an array of bread.

Galouti Kebab Today: 

The Galouti Kebab has gained widespread popularity and has transcended regional boundaries, making its way onto the menus of Indian restaurants worldwide. Its unique texture, unparalleled flavours, and regal history have captivated the taste buds of food enthusiasts and connoisseurs alike. While variations of the Galouti Kebab exist, the authentic preparation technique remains an art mastered by skilled chefs who stay true to the original recipe.


The Galouti Kebab is a culinary gem that showcases the grandeur of Lucknow's Nawabi era and the finesse of Awadhi cuisine. Its origins in the royal kitchens, the artistry involved in its preparation, and its enduring popularity all contribute to its status as a legendary dish. Whether savoured in Lucknow or enjoyed elsewhere, the Galouti Kebab continues to delight food lovers and serves as a testament to the rich culinary heritage of the region.