Only this variety stays white during the entire maturation process, and if the fruits are left on the trees until late winter, they are also white
Black and green olives are the types of olives that are commonly found in markets. Do you know what a white olive is? It is the market's most striking olive. White olives, also known as Olea europaea var. leucocarpa, bajda, bianca (meaning "white" in Italian), biancolilla, or cannellina (because of their resemblance to white cannellini beans), have existed for many years and come from the Leucocarpa tree (from the Greek leukos, meaning "white," and karpos, meaning "flesh or pulp") or Leucol. Due to their association with purity and their symbolic colour, they were well-liked in religious and royal circles, but they have never achieved commercial success. A few olive growers are currently striving to reintroduce the ancient variety and revive the tree. The species is currently rather uncommon and is found primarily in the Mediterranean.
Their native Greece, often known as Magna Graecia or Greater Greece, is where one can find white olives. furthermore, in more southern regions of Italy, particularly in Calabria, Tuscany, and a few locations along the Mediterranean beaches of northern Africa, Portugal, and Malta, as well as all the way west to the Atlantic coasts. According to Antonella Pasqualone, a professor of food science and technology at the University of Bari in southern Italy, white olives are the result of mutations that influence the production of anthocyanins. There are two stages in the development of green and black olives that activate the colour. Leucocarpa cultivar, on the other hand, "does not appear at all," according to The Olive Oil Times, and instead remains white at all stages of activation.
According to reports, white olives have a sweeter flavour than professionally grown green and black olives since they contain less antioxidants with a bitter flavour. White olive oil is similar to black and green olive oil in composition, with the exception of its shorter shelf life.
Due to the Leucocarpa's white colour, which evolved to be associated with purity, it has historically been utilised for religious purposes. In fact, there are rumours that certain trees were cultivated around convents. There is evidence to support the idea that in the past, monarchs and emperors were blessed with particular olive oil made with white olives. Regarding the composition of fatty acids, tastes, and fragrances indicative of a light fruity product, the extra virgin olive oil made from this type shares the same qualities as all the others. A small number of growers combine it with other popular cultivars, but because the fruits are white—a hue that in western culture denotes purity—it has primarily been utilised for religious purposes. Because of this, Leucocarpa is frequently planted close to convents. After being blessed, the oil from these plants is used for Catholic ceremonies such as the sacraments and, in the past, to anoint the emperor during his coronation.