7 Tools And Techniques You Need For Homemade Jam

If you’re making jam at home, you only need a few essentials which are easily available around you. But you must be specific about the measurements; the right equipment can help you achieve a flawless homemade jam. For instance, a wooden spoon or silicone spatula is ideal for stirring the jam and scraping the bottom of the pot to prevent sticking. A candy thermometer can be helpful for monitoring the temperature of the jam and ensuring it reaches the proper setting point. Additionally, sterilised jars and lids are necessary for storing your homemade jam.

When canning jam, you'll need to handle hot jars safely to prevent burns and spills. A jar lifter is a specialized tool designed for lifting hot jars in and out of boiling water baths. It grips the jars securely, allowing you to manoeuvre them without touching the hot surfaces directly. Here are a few other basics you will need if you’re making jam at home.

Fresh Fruit

The foundation of any great jam is fresh, seasonal fruit. Whether you prefer classic flavours like strawberry or raspberry, or more exotic options like mango or fig, selecting high-quality fruit is essential. Choose fruit that is in season for the best flavour and affordability. Wash and prepare the fruit by removing any stems, seeds, or pits, and chop it into small, uniform pieces. For a smoother jam, you can also puree the fruit using a blender or food processor.


Sugar acts as a natural preservative in jam-making, helping to extend its shelf life and enhance the flavour of the fruit. The amount of sugar you use will depend on your personal preference and the type of fruit you're using. In general, a ratio of one part fruit to one part sugar is a good starting point. Some recipes may call for additional sweeteners like honey or maple syrup for added complexity. You can always experiment with different sugar levels to find the perfect balance of sweetness for your taste buds.


Pectin is a naturally occurring substance found in fruits that helps jam achieve its characteristic gel-like consistency. While some fruits, like apples and citrus, are naturally high in pectin, others may require additional pectin to set properly. You can purchase powdered or liquid pectin from most grocery stores or speciality baking shops. Follow the instructions on the packaging carefully, as using too much or too little pectin can affect the texture of your jam.


Acid is another crucial component in jam-making, helping to balance the sweetness of the fruit and activate the pectin for proper setting. Common sources of acid include lemon juice, lime juice, or citric acid. Adding acid to your jam also helps preserve its vibrant colour and fresh flavour. Be sure to use fresh citrus juice rather than bottled, as the acidity levels can vary. Start with a small amount of acid and adjust to taste based on the sweetness of your fruit.

Large Pot or Saucepan

A large, heavy-bottomed pot or saucepan is essential for cooking the fruit and sugar mixture. Choose one with high sides to prevent splattering as the jam cooks and ensure there's enough space for the mixture to bubble up.

Canning Jars

Proper canning jars are crucial for storing your homemade jam. Mason jars with screw-on lids are commonly used for canning because they create an airtight seal, which helps preserve the jam. Make sure the jars are clean and sterilized before filling them with jam to prevent contamination and spoilage.

Canning Funnel

A canning funnel is a handy tool for filling jars with hot jam without making a mess. It has a wide mouth that fits perfectly over the opening of the jars, allowing you to pour the jam easily and accurately.