6 Types Of Indian Fish You Should Know

In the vast culinary tapestry of India, fish occupies a special place, tantalising the taste buds of seafood enthusiasts across the nation. With its vast coastline and labyrinthine river systems is a seafood lover's paradise. The country's rich aquatic ecosystem harbours an incredible variety of fish species, each with its own distinct flavour, texture, and culinary significance. From the regal Hilsa of the rivers to the majestic Surmai of the Arabian Sea, Indian fish offer a captivating tapestry of tastes that reflect the nation's diverse cultural heritage. 

Whether you savour the delicate sweetness of Pomfret, indulge in the robust flavours of Rohu, or explore the coastal charm of Bombay Duck, each fish tells a story of India's bountiful waters and the culinary traditions that have evolved around them. Join us on a flavorful journey as we dive into the depths and unravel the enchanting world of Indian fish.

Here are 6 types of Indian fish you should try:

1. Hilsa - The Monarch of Indian Rivers:

Let's begin our expedition with the illustrious Hilsa, the regal king of Indian rivers. Known for its succulent flesh and distinctive flavour, this fish holds a significant place in Bengali cuisine. From the rivers of West Bengal to the Ganges delta, the Hilsa's rich, oily texture and tantalising taste make it the star ingredient of classic dishes like "Ilish Bhapa" and "Ilish Mach'er Paturi." The Hilsa's silvery exterior conceals a treasure trove of delicate flavours that instantly transport you to the banks of the mighty rivers.

2. Pomfret - The Pearl of the Sea:

As we venture into the vast seas, we encounter the enchanting Pomfret—a jewel among Indian fish. Its sleek, silver body and distinctive shape make it instantly recognisable. Found in both the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, the Pomfret boasts tender flesh that lends itself beautifully to various cooking techniques. Whether grilled to perfection or delicately spiced in a fragrant curry, the Pomfret's subtle sweetness and velvety texture delight seafood enthusiasts across the country.

3. Rohu - The Pride of Rivers and Palates:

Moving inland, we come across the revered Rohu, a true icon of Indian rivers. This freshwater giant reigns supreme in the kitchens of North India, where its firm, white flesh lends itself well to robust flavours and hearty preparations. From the rich frys to the delectable curries this versatile fish provides a canvas for the artistry of Indian spices. The subtle flavour and flaky texture are a testament to the bountiful waters it calls home.

4. Bombay Duck - A Coastal Delight:

Our expedition now takes us to the western coastline, where we encounter the Bombay Duck, a fish with a peculiar name and a unique culinary charm. Despite its moniker, this "duck" is, in fact, a delightful variety of fish. Known for its soft, flaky meat and mild taste, the Bombay Duck finds its way into numerous Konkan and Maharashtrian dishes. From crispy Bombil Fry to the intense Bombay Duck Pickle, this fish adds a distinct touch of coastal flavours to every plate.

5. Surmai - The Emperor of the Arabian Sea:

No exploration of Indian fish would be complete without a rendezvous with the Surmai, the majestic Emperor of the Arabian Sea. Also known as the Seer fish, this predator with its elongated body and silvery scales is prized for its firm, succulent meat. Surmai, with its mild, slightly sweet flavour, pairs beautifully with coastal spices and finds its way into classic preparations like Surmai Tawa Fry and Surmai Rava Fry" Its royal taste truly exemplifies the treasures that lie beneath the waves.

6. Catla - The Carp of Indian Cuisine:

Our final destination brings us to the placid waters that cradle the Catla, a freshwater fish that has become synonymous with traditional Indian cuisine. With its large size and succulent flesh, the Catla's versatility shines in a variety of preparations, from the spicy and tangy "Catla Masala'' to the aromatic "Catla Fish Biryani." Its delicate taste absorbs the flavours of spices and marinades, making it a delightful canvas for culinary experimentation. Whether fried, grilled, or steamed, the Catla's flesh retains its moistness, creating a gastronomic experience that leaves a lasting impression.

The next time you embark on a seafood culinary adventure, remember to seek out these remarkable Indian fish varieties. Immerse yourself in their flavours, relish their textures, and discover the secrets hidden within the depths of the waters. With every bite, you'll taste the essence of India's vibrant coastal and riverine heritage.