Indian Lentil Guide: Benefits Of Tur Daal You Should Know
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Native to the Old World, the pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) is a perennial legume in the Fabaceae family. The pigeon pea is a popular food in South Asia, Southeast Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean, and it is extensively grown in tropical and semitropical regions of the world.

It might have travelled from India to North-East Africa through transoceanic Bronze Age trade, which permitted the exchange of agricultural goods and resources between different cultures. Ancient Egypt contains the oldest records of pigeon peas in Africa. Cultivation originated in eastern Africa and proceeded west and south across the continent, eventually reaching the Americas in the 17th century through the Transatlantic slave trade. 

Cajanus cajanifolia, Cajanus scarabaeoides, and Cajanus kerstingii—native to India and West Africa, respectively—are the closest relatives of the domesticated pigeon pea. Africa and India are home to the two epicentres of genetic variety. Nevertheless, India is considered the primary centre of origin, with West Africa serving as a secondary important centre of origin.

Now that you have to know what lentil is. Explore the different health benefits of pigeon peas stated by NIH and USDA

5 Benefits Of Tur Daal

1. It Is Rich In Protein 

Tur dal is a great source of plant-based protein. It is essential for muscle repair, growth, and overall body function. With approximately 22-25% protein content, tur dal provides a substantial portion of daily protein needs. This nutrient is crucial for maintaining muscle mass, supporting immune function, and synthesising enzymes and hormones. 

2. Enhanced Nutrient Absorption 

Tur dal contains phytic acid, which can inhibit the absorption of minerals like iron and zinc. However, soaking, sprouting, or fermenting tur dal before consumption can reduce phytic acid levels and enhance mineral bioavailability. The lentil ensures the body can efficiently utilize the vitamins and minerals, supporting various physiological functions.

3. Low Glycemic Index

Tur dal has a low glycemic index (GI). It means it does not cause a rapid spike in blood sugar levels after consumption. This makes it an ideal food choice for individuals with diabetes or those aiming to manage their blood sugar levels. The carbohydrates in tur dal are digested and absorbed slowly, gradually releasing glucose into the bloodstream. 

4. Healthy Pregnancy

Tur dal is a nutrient-dense food that provides essential nutrients like folate, iron, and protein according to USDA. These are vital for a healthy pregnancy and fetal development. Iron is also essential for producing red blood cells and preventing maternal and fetal anaemia. At the same time, protein supports the growth and development of the baby. 

5. Anti-aging Properties 

Turdal contains antioxidants like polyphenols and flavonoids, associated with anti-ageing effects and longevity. These antioxidants help neutralise free radicals and reduce oxidative stress caused by environmental factors and ageing processes. It can help with the slow wrinkling process and ageing, too. A study from NIH, also confirms the signs of slow ageing for people who regularly consume lentils. 

Tur Dal is very beneficial for our health overall. One who chooses lentils should definitely consider adding this to their diet.