Til Laddu And Beyond: India's Lesser-Known Sesame Seed Sweets

India's rich culinary heritage boasts a vast array of traditional sweets that are as diverse as the country's culture and traditions. While many Indian sweets are widely recognized and enjoyed globally, there exists a treasure trove of lesser-known delicacies that deserve equal appreciation. 

Among these hidden gems are the delightful sesame seed sweets, a collection of confections crafted with the wholesome goodness of sesame seeds. In this article, we will take you on a delectable journey through India's lesser-known sesame seed sweets, exploring the unique flavours, regional variations, and cultural significance of these exquisite treats.

Til Laddu - The Classic Sesame Sweet

As we begin our exploration, it is only fitting to start with the classic sesame seed sweet - Til Laddu. Hailing from the northern regions of India, Til Laddu is a ball-shaped dessert made by roasting sesame seeds and jaggery (unrefined sugar) and moulding them into bite-sized laddoos. This sweet treat is often enjoyed during the winter months and holds cultural significance during the harvest festival of Makar Sankranti. Its nutty flavour and earthy aroma make it a delightful winter indulgence.

Ellu Urundai - The South Indian Delight

Venturing to the southern part of India, we discover Ellu Urundai, a sesame seed sweet hailing from Tamil Nadu. Similar to Til Laddu, Ellu Urundai is made by blending sesame seeds and jaggery. However, what sets it apart is the addition of grated coconut, cardamom, and ghee (clarified butter), giving it a distinct and luscious taste. This sweet is not only enjoyed during festivals but is also revered for its nutritious properties.

Tal Nirvana - The Maharashtrian Bliss

Moving westward to Maharashtra, we encounter Tal Nirvana, a unique sesame seed sweet often associated with the festival of Nag Panchami. This offering to the snake god involves grinding roasted sesame seeds, jaggery, and desiccated coconut into a flavourful mixture. The resultant sweet is molded into delicate crescent shapes, symbolizing the serpent deity.

Nuvvula Undalu - Andhra Pradesh's Pride

Andhra Pradesh takes pride in its own sesame seed delight called Nuvvula Undalu. This sweet delicacy is made with roasted sesame seeds, jaggery, and a hint of ghee for a smooth texture. Nuvvula Undalu is commonly served during festivals, weddings, and auspicious occasions, adding sweetness to every celebration.

Maharashtrian Tilgul - The Sweet Bond of Makar Sankranti

While Til Laddu is widely known, the Maharashtrian Tilgul deserves special attention. This sesame-jaggery sweet is exchanged as a gesture of goodwill during Makar Sankranti. The ritual of exchanging Tilgul signifies the strengthening of relationships and the sweetening of life's experiences. The simplicity of Tilgul belies its cultural significance, making it a cherished tradition in Maharashtra.

Chikki - The Crunchy Temptation

While not exclusively a sesame seed sweet, Chikki deserves mention for its irresistible combination of sesame seeds and jaggery. Hailing from various regions in India, Chikki is a popular candy-like treat prepared by caramelizing jaggery and mixing it with roasted sesame seeds or other nuts. The resulting mixture is then flattened, cooled, and broken into delectable, crunchy bars.

Mani Murukku - The Sesame Spiral

In the southern state of Karnataka, Mani Murukku stands out as a must-try sesame seed snack. It is a spiral-shaped crunchy treat made from rice flour, roasted sesame seeds, and a blend of spices. Often enjoyed during festivals and special occasions, Mani Murukku delights the palate with its unique texture and flavour.

Kai Murukku - The Handcrafted Sesame Crisp

As we venture to Tamil Nadu, we encounter another delightful sesame seed snack known as Kai Murukku. This intricately shaped crispy treat is made using rice flour, roasted sesame seeds, and urad dal (black gram lentils). The dough is carefully handcrafted into beautiful shapes and deep-fried to golden perfection.


India's lesser-known sesame seed sweets offer a fascinating insight into the country's culinary diversity and cultural traditions. From the nutty indulgence of Til Laddu to the intricate shapes of Kai Murukku, each sesame seed sweet carries its own regional charm and unique significance. 

These treats not only satisfy the sweet tooth but also represent the age-old customs and rituals woven into the fabric of Indian culture. As you savour these lesser-known delicacies, you embark on a flavourful journey through India's heart and soul, where every bite is a celebration of taste and heritage.