Semolina Flour Vs. Whole Wheat Flour: What's The Difference?
Image Credit: Unsplash

There are many different types of flour, each with specific uses and characteristics. Flour is the basic component of many recipes. Sooji, or semolina flour, and atta, or whole wheat flour, are two of the flours that are most frequently used in cooking. These two flours are essential in many different kinds of cooking, but how are they different? Together, we will explore the subtle distinctions between these pantry essentials and choose when to utilise them by going on a flour-focused adventure.

What Is Semolina Flour?

Semolina, or sooji, is a coarser kind of flour that is sometimes called "cream of wheat." With some bran and germ still present, this flour is made from the endosperm, or centre, of wheat grains. Sooji is unique in that it is gritty, which gives it a unique texture when used in cooking.

What Is Whole Wheat Flour?

Atta is the healthy essence of wheat flour, as opposed to maida, or all-purpose flour. It includes the bran and germ as well as the whole wheat grain. Because all the ingredients are included, atta has a unique flavour and texture that appeals to people looking for a more homestyle and nutritious way to prepare.

The Key Differences

The following are the key differences that set these staple grains apart:


While whole wheat flour has a smoother, more basic texture than sooji, semolina is prized for its granular texture, which adds a wonderful crunch and bite to a variety of meals.


The taste of sooji is enhanced by the mild nuttiness that is cherished in various savoury and sweet recipes. On the other hand, wheat flour also has the same hearty and nutty flavour along with being earthly that sooji lacks in comparison.


Sooji is renowned in the culinary world for its extraordinary adaptability. It serves as the base for recipes such as the savoury Indian morning meal upma and the incredibly addictively gritty dessert halwa. Sooji's gritty texture makes it a great option for adding pleasing textures to a variety of dishes.

The staple of Indian cooking, atta serves as the foundation for classic flatbreads like roti and naan. Its strong flavour and the whole-grain deliciousness of wheat nicely complement the ideals of chefs who are concerned about nutrition. Every meal is a source of both nourishment and fulfilment because of Atta.


Nutritionists love suji because it is produced from whole wheat that has been coarsely processed. Moreover, it is readily absorbed and easy on the stomach. Suji is therefore a wonderful choice if you're trying to shed weight. However, whole wheat has a high-calorie content, which might hinder weight loss or maintenance.

But at the same time, according to the USDA, wheat contains three times the fibre of semolina in every 100-gram serving along with more protein, both nutrients that aid in satiety.