Planning To Grow Ajwain At Home? 6 Things You Should Know

Ajwain or carom seeds are an essential part of Indian cuisine. But instead of buying packaged masalas, why not grow this essential component yourself? This just doesn’t help you trace your source and use fresh ajwain but also gives you access to an unadulterated variety.

Ajwain requires full sun to thrive. Place your garden bed or pots in a location that receives 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily. If growing indoors, position the pots near a south-facing window or use grow lights to ensure adequate light exposure.

Once the seedlings are a few inches tall, thin them out to prevent overcrowding. Remove the weaker seedlings, maintaining a spacing of about 6-8 inches between the remaining plants. These are just the basic know-how of growing carom, and here are some key hacks. 

Choosing the Right Seeds

Begin by sourcing fresh ajwain seeds from a reliable supplier. Fresh seeds are crucial for a high germination rate. Soak the seeds in water overnight to enhance germination. This step softens the seed coat and encourages quicker sprouting. To ensure successful germination and healthy plant growth, use fresh, high-quality Ajwain seeds. Check for a reputable supplier and look for seeds that are specifically labelled for planting, as opposed to those meant for cooking. 

Prepare Well-Draining Soil with Compost

Ajwain plants thrive in well-draining soil with a neutral pH. Prepare the soil by mixing it with organic compost or well-rotted manure. This not only enhances soil fertility but also improves its texture, ensuring adequate drainage. Aim for a balanced mix that retains moisture without becoming waterlogged, so a soil mix that is loamy and slightly sandy.

Use the Right Sowing Depth and Spacing

Sow the ajwain seeds about 1/4 inch deep into the soil. If planting in a garden bed, maintain a spacing of 6-8 inches between seeds to allow sufficient room for growth. For container planting, choose a pot that is at least 8-10 inches deep and wide to accommodate root expansion.

Maintain a Consistent Watering Schedule

Ajwain plants require consistent moisture but do not tolerate waterlogging. Water the plants regularly to keep the soil evenly moist. Use a watering can with a fine nozzle to avoid washing away the seeds. Water early in the morning or late in the evening to minimize evaporation.

Don’t skip on sunlight

Ajwain plants thrive in full sunlight. Ensure that your plants receive at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight each day. If growing indoors, place the pots near a sunny window or use grow lights to supplement natural light. Lack of sunlight can lead to weak and leggy plants.

Explore natural Pest Control Methods

Ajwain is relatively pest-resistant but can occasionally be affected by aphids or fungal diseases. Use natural pest control methods such as neem oil sprays or introducing beneficial insects like ladybugs to manage aphid populations. Ensure proper air circulation around the plants to prevent fungal infections.