Magh Bihu 2024: 7 Different Types Of Pitha Made In Bhogali Bihu

Making pithas on Magh Bihu is a deeply ingrained custom in rural areas. Making Pitha together as a family fosters a sense of community and preserves cultural customs, especially in rural areas. The craft of creating pitha is handed down through the centuries, adding to Assam's rich cultural legacy. Pitha-making techniques, recipes, and rituals are shared among family members and are an integral part of the culture.

The following is a list of various pithas produced in Magh Bihu:

1. Muga Pitha:

 A traditional Assamese meal called mugha pitha is made during Magh Bihu, which signifies the conclusion of the harvest season. One of the Bihu celebrations observed in Assam, India, is Magh Bihu. Rice cake with a distinct flavour, muga pitha is produced using particular ingredients.  Muga Pitha boasts a delicious blend of savoury and sweet flavours. While the inside may contain a variety of savoury ingredients, the exterior layer is often only slightly sweetened. Muga flour gives the Pitha a unique flavour. It is made from Muga silk-producing silkworms. It adds to the overall taste profile with its earthy and nutty flavour. Incorporating fragrant spices like cardamom or fennel seeds can contribute to the dish's overall fragrance and flavour. 

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2. Narikol Laru:

 A traditional treat that is frequently made during Magh Bihu, an Assamese harvest celebration, is Narikol Laru, also known as coconut ladoo.  Freshly grated coconut is the main component in Narikol Ladoo, giving the dessert a deep, authentic coconut flavour. Narikol Ladoo uses jaggery, a traditional sweetener. It balances the coconut with a unique sweetness and faint molasses overtones. Because the coconut is grated, narikol Laru usually have a soft, chewy feel. The jaggery helps the ingredients bind into circular Laru. Coconut is an excellent source of vitamins, minerals, fibre, and beneficial fats. It gives Narikol Ladoo more nutritional value.

3. Ghila Pitha: 

Traditionally made during the harvest festival of Magh Bihu, which is observed in the Indian state of Assam, Ghila Pitha is a type of rice cake from Assam. Ghila Pitha's cuisine is primarily derived from using regional ingredients and following customary cooking techniques. Ghila Pitha has an inherent sweetness due to the natural sweetness of the molasses or jaggery used in the preparation. A prominent component in Ghila Pitha is grated coconut, which adds a deep, nutty flavour to balance the sweetness. Ghila Pitha may enhance flavour depth by incorporating aromatic ingredients like cardamom or other regional spices, depending on the recipe. Ghila Pitha is a delicious delicacy because of the soft and chewy texture that is produced by the combination of rice flour, jaggery, and coconut.

4. Hutuli Pitha: 

Magh Bihu is linked to the sweet treat Hutuli Pitha, which is renowned for its delightfully sweet flavour. A distinctive and flowery aroma can be added to the dish by using native flowers or their essences in some Hutuli Pitha versions. Commonly used as a sweetener, jaggery has rich, caramel-like undertones and a natural sweetness. Grated coconut is frequently added, giving the pitha a pleasing texture and a subtle nutty flavour. Seasonal ingredients that enhance Hutuli Pitha's flavour and authenticity may be included, contingent upon regional variances and availability.  Hutuli Pitha contains coconut, which provides nutritional fibre, healthy fats, and vital nutrients.

5. Til Ptha: 

Til Pitha is a traditional Assamese rice cake prepared during Magh Bihu, particularly during the harvesting season. A crucial component in Til Pitha, til (sesame seeds) adds a distinctly earthy and nutty flavour. The pitha's overall flavour and texture are enhanced by the roasted sesame seeds. In Til Pitha, the use of jaggery (gur) creates a deep, organic sweetness. Pitha gains a richer, more complex flavour from the addition of jaggery, which also has a trace of molasses. The use of grated coconut in the filling gives the pitha a chewy, tropical touch. Coconut, sesame, and jaggery combine to create a delicious flavour combination. The addition of jaggery and the roasting of sesame seeds enhance the flavour of the overall dish.

6. Tekeli Pitha:

 A traditional Assamese meal called "Tekeli Pitha" is frequently connected to the harvest festival known as Magh Bihu, which is observed in Assam. Pitha is a kind of dumpling or rice cake, and Tekeli Pitha is distinguished by its unique look resembling an inverted lid or cone.  Because it is prepared with components like rice flour, jaggery (gur), and occasionally coconut, tekeli pitha is usually sweet. Tekeli Pitha's flavour is earthy and nutty, thanks to the addition of jaggery and rice flour. Grated coconut is sometimes added to Tekeli Pitha recipes, giving the dish a rich, somewhat nutty flavour. Tekeli Pitha's flavour can be enhanced by the addition of aromatic ingredients, such as cardamom or other spices, which might vary in intensity.

7. Tilor Laru:

Traditionally, the Indian state of Assam celebrates Magh Bihu with the making of taladoo, a sweet dessert. Maghar Domahi and Bhogali Bihu are other names for it. During this event, Tilor Laru, which is made from sesame seeds (tilor) and jaggery, has cultural importance.   When roasted, sesame seeds give  Tilor Laru an earthy, toasted flavour. Sesame seeds have a distinct nutty flavour. The Laru gains a deep sweetness from the jaggery addition. Sesame seeds’ nutty flavour is enhanced by jaggery’s inherent sweetness and caramel-like notes. Because jaggery has binding qualities,  Tilor Laru can have a slightly chewy texture depending on how it is prepared. This gives the sweet a nice texture.