Boosting Gut Health With Prebiotics and Probiotics

Gut health, which was once not given much attention as an important part of general health, is now one of the most important topics in nutrition and health care. A harmonious gut microbiome is now recognized as a key player in maintaining a healthy body and mind. Two pivotal components in achieving and sustaining optimal gut health are prebiotics and probiotics. These complementary substances, while distinct in their functions, share the common goal of nourishing the gut, promoting the growth of beneficial bacteria, and enhancing overall health. Here we get into the world of prebiotics and probiotics, their roles, sources, and their undeniable significance in promoting a balanced and vibrant gut. 

The human digestive system, also known as the second brain, is home to trillions of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. The gut microbiome is a complex community that aids in digestion, metabolism, and immune system function. It also has an effect on one's state of mind and general wellness. A healthy and balanced gut microbiota is necessary for the absorption of nutrients, the management of inflammation, and protection against infections. 


Prebiotics are non-digestible fibres that serve as food for the beneficial bacteria residing in the gut. They are essentially the fertilizer that nourishes and supports the growth of probiotics. Prebiotics are naturally present in various foods and can also be found as dietary supplements. They are particularly important because they help maintain a diverse and resilient gut microbiome. 

Foods To Include 


A natural prebiotic, garlic supports gut health by promoting the growth of beneficial bacteria. It's a common ingredient in Indian cuisine, known for its rich flavour and potential digestive benefits. 


High in inulin, onions are prebiotic powerhouses. They aid in the growth of probiotics in the gut and are used in various Indian dishes to enhance flavour and nutrition. 


Rich in resistant starch and dietary fibre, bananas encourage the growth of beneficial gut bacteria. They're a convenient and healthy snack. 


This prebiotic vegetable is less common in Indian cuisine but is still enjoyed by some. It's a source of inulin, promoting gut health and overall well-being. 

Green Gram

A staple in Indian cooking, green gram is packed with dietary fibre that acts as a prebiotic. It supports digestion and is used in a variety of dishes. 


Besides its well-known anti-inflammatory properties, turmeric contains prebiotic compounds that nourish beneficial gut bacteria. It's a fundamental spice in Indian cooking, adding both flavour and potential digestive benefits to dishes. 


Probiotics are live microorganisms, primarily bacteria, that provide health benefits when consumed in adequate amounts. These friendly bacteria aid in balancing the gut microbiome and enhancing its overall functionality. Probiotics can be found in various fermented foods and dietary supplements. They offer a wide array of advantages, including improved digestion, enhanced immune system function, and reduced inflammation. 

Foods To Include 


A staple in Indian cuisine, yogurt is rich in live probiotic cultures like Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, which aid digestion, boost immunity, and maintain a healthy gut microbiome. 


Buttermilk contains live probiotic cultures similar to yoghurt, providing digestive benefits, promoting gut health, and helping cool the body in hot Indian climates. 

Fermented Pickles 

Indian pickles, like mango or lime, are fermented, hosting probiotic bacteria. They aid digestion and enhance flavour while offering a tangy, spicy kick. 

Idli and Dosa Batter 

Fermented rice and lentil batters used to make idli and dosa are rich in beneficial probiotics, promoting digestive health and aiding nutrient absorption.  


A steamed snack made from fermented rice and chickpea flour, dhokla offers probiotic benefits while being a delicious and healthy Indian snack.  


This fermented tea is gaining popularity in India, known for its probiotic content. It aids digestion, supports gut health, and provides a refreshing alternative to traditional beverages.